# Using the ES7 Spread Operator with Webpack

## The Problem

I’m currently evaluating Redux as a means to tidy up a React app, and in following the examples in the docs came across the spread operator (...).

In the following code the spread operator copies in all of the keys and values of the existing state, and allows us to extend it with a new value for bold:

const comment = (state, action) => {
switch (action.type) {
case 'COMMENT_TOGGLE_BOLD ':
return {
...state,
bold: !state.bold
}
default:
return state
}
}


Problem is, while I have set up Webpack 6 to successfully transpile and bundle JSX and ES6 (ES2015), it fails to recognise this use of the spread operator as at time of writing it is still in the proposal stage:

Module build failed: SyntaxError: /.../assets/js/reducers/comments.js:
Unexpected token (9:8)
7 |
8 |       return {
>  9 |         ...state,
|         ^
10 |         bold: !state.bold
11 |       }
12 |     default:


## A Quick Solution

The quickest solution I found to resolve this, after trying to add in specific plugins like transform-object-rest-spread, was to enable the stage-2 preset:

npm install --save babel-preset-stage-2


And then in webpack.config.js:

module: {
loaders: [
{
test: /\.jsx?\$/,
exclude: /node_modules/,
loader: 'babel-loader',
query: {
presets:[ 'es2015', 'react', 'stage-2' ]
}
}
]
}


Be aware that the additional operators and behaviour which this preset brings in may be subject to change–in this case I think the benefits of the spread operator in reducing boilerplate override those concerns, as the operator semantics appear likely to become standard before long.

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